Lima has many unique attractions, including national museums, colonial churches, plazas, and diverse neighborhoods. The capital of Peru, Lima, is an elegant, modern city home to approximately 8 million people. Located in the middle of South America and the capital of Peru, Lima is famous for its many attractions. Historical and cultural discoveries abound in Lima. It is located on the central Pacific coast of Peru, where you can find a combination of tropical and desert climates. There are three rivers surrounding this coastal city. Historically, it has always been one of the busiest cities in South America.